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Government Grants for Home Improvements 2024

The Energy Company Obligation has already helped 2.4 million homes

The Boiler Upgrade Scheme can get you £7,500 off the cost of a new heat pump

Your local council may provide you with free improvements

You should be able to have a warm home and electricity without breaking the bank every month.

Fortunately, there are plenty of government grants that can help you make this a reality, even if you’re struggling financially.

Some grants can give you free insulation and heating systems, while others provide tens of thousands of pounds in interest-free loans, so you can make all the eco-friendly home improvements you’ve also wanted.

In this guide, we’ll walk you through all the best grants for your household, no matter your situation or where in the UK you live.

Name of schemeWhat it coversWhat it’s worthWho can apply
Energy Company Obligation (ECO4)- Repairs & replacements
- Heating systems
- Insulation
Up to £48,000Low-income and vulnerable households
Great British Insulation Scheme- Insulation
- Smart heating controls
Up to 75% of the costs (£1,418 on average)Low EPC rating or low council tax band
Boiler Upgrade Scheme- Air and ground source heat pumps
- Biomass boilers
£7,500Homeowners and small business owners in England and Wales
Warm Homes DiscountElectricity or gas bills£140People in, or at risk of falling into fuel poverty
Winter Fuel PaymentHeating bills£250-£600People born before 27 September 1956 &
social security recipients
Home Upgrade Grant- Insulation
- Heat pumps
- Solar panels
- Double glazing
Up to 100% of the costsLow-income, off-gas grid homes with D-G EPC rating
Smart Export GuaranteeExcess renewable energy£159 on averageRenewable energy microgenerators
Disabled Facilities GrantAccessibility measures (more info below)- England: up to £30,000
- Wales: up to £36,000
- Northern Ireland: up to £25,000
People with a disability or other extra needs
Electric Vehicle Homecharge SchemeHome electric vehicle charging pointsUp to £350Renters and people who own a flat
Local council grantsVarious measuresDepends on councilMore info below
Home Energy Scotland Grant and LoanImprovements and renewable systems or connectionsUp to £38,500 in Interest-free loansHomeowners in Scotland
Affordable Warmth GrantHeating and insulation measuresUp to £10,000Low-income homeowners and renters in Northern Ireland
Boiler Replacement SchemeNew gas, oil, or wood pellet boilersUp to £16,000Owners of old boilers in Northern Ireland
Home Improvement loansReplacements or repairs to your homeUp to £35,000 in interest-free loansHomeowners in Wales
Nest- New boilers
- Insulation
- Draught-proofing
- Heat pumps
Up to £15,700Low-income and vulnerable households

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Energy Company Obligation (ECO4)

The government’s flagship project for cutting your home’s emissions is entering a new phase called ECO4, which will last from April 2022 to March 2026.

The scheme for households in England, Scotland, and Wales isn’t technically a government grant – instead, it compels any energy supplier with more than 150,000 customers to deliver energy savings to customers who are on certain benefits or in fuel poverty.

This includes repairing and replacing broken heating systems, upgrading inefficient ones to more environmentally friendly machines, installing solid wall insulation, and providing smart heating controls – all for free.

Free boilers will be less common, though. ECO3 put 134,000 boilers in British homes, but under ECO4, repairs and replacements of boilers will be limited to 5,000 per year.

Suppliers are required to improve households by a certain amount, depending on their Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating – and they have to help a minimum amount of the lowest-ranked homes.

Band F and G homes – the lowest rated – must be improved to at least a D rating, while D and E houses must reach at least a C rating.

You can get ECO4 help if you receive any of these benefits:

  • Income based Jobseekers allowance (JSA)
  • Income related Employment & Support Allowance (ESA)
  • Income Support (IS)
  • Pension Credit Guarantee Credit
  • Working Tax Credit (WTC)
  • Child Tax Credits (CTC)
  • Universal Credit (UC)
  • Housing Benefit (new eligible benefit under ECO4)
  • Pension Credit Savings Credit (new eligible benefit under ECO4)


Unfortunately, because this edition of the scheme will be more means-tested, some benefits – including many disability benefits – no longer qualify you for help.

You won’t be able to automatically qualify for ECO4 with the following benefits:

  • Armed Forces Independence Payment
  • Attendance Allowance
  • Carer’s Allowance
  • Constant Attendance Allowance
  • Disability Living Allowance
  • Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit
  • Personal Independence Payment
  • Severe Disablement Allowance
  • War Pensions Mobility Supplement

LA Flex

Known as LA Flex or ECO4 Flex, this part of ECO4 enables local authorities to give funding to households in fuel poverty or on low incomes that are especially vulnerable, but wouldn’t otherwise qualify for ECO4.

Contact your council and ask for their help, as 50% of the scheme’s £4 billion in funding will be handed out in this way.

There are four routes to qualifying for LA Flex, which you can find in our guide to solar panel grants.

ECO4 will aim to add to the 2.4 million homes that suppliers have helped so far – but the government has said it’ll introduce a buy-out mechanism soon, allowing suppliers to pay their way out of this obligation, so take advantage while you can.

The Great British Insulation Scheme

The government has recently announced a new grant called the Great British Insulation Scheme (previously known as ECO+), which will act as an extension of ECO4.

The government has said the £1 billion scheme will cover up to 75% of the costs of either loft insulation or cavity wall insulation, and possibly smart heating controls, with households paying the rest of the costs.

You can find out more about the scheme on our page, ECO+: Everything You Need To Know.

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The Boiler Upgrade Scheme

The Boiler Upgrade Scheme is set to run from April 2022 to March 2028.

It will give homeowners the chance to get a £7,500 discount on a new air or ground source heat pump – just contact a supplier, and get them to sort it out for you.

You’re eligible if:

  • You’re a homeowner or small business owner
  • Your property is in England or Wales
  • Your building has been issued an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) in the past 10 years
  • You follow one of the three EPC scenarios listed below

There are three paths to an eligible EPC, so make sure you follow at least one of these:

  • Your EPC has no recommendations for loft or cavity wall insulation
  • Your EPC does have a loft or cavity wall insulation recommendation, but you fulfil the recommendation between applying for the Boiler Upgrade Scheme and getting a heat pump installed
  • Your property has an EPC or insulation exemption – for example, if you own a listed building

If your property is a custom-built home, it won’t need an EPC to qualify.

You may also be able to get £7,500 off the cost of a new biomass boiler, but only if your property is in a rural area with fewer than 10,000 residents, has no mains gas connection, and meets high emissions standards.

The Warm Homes Discount

Every year, between October and March, you can get £140 as a one-off discount on your electricity bill – or your gas bill, if your supplier provides you with both types of energy.

You can qualify for the Warm Homes Discount scheme in one of two ways:

  • You receive Pension Credit Guarantee Credit
  • You are in, or at risk of falling into fuel poverty

If you receive Pension Credit Guarantee Credit, you should automatically get £140 off an energy bill. If you’re in or nearly in fuel poverty, contact your supplier about the discount.

The Winter Fuel Payment

If you were born on or before 26 September 1956, the government may give you between £250 and £600 to help you with your heating bills.

You’ll automatically receive this payment in November or December if you either:

  • Receive the State Pension
  • Receive a different social security benefit – but not the Housing Benefit, Council Tax Reduction, Child Benefit or Universal Credit

Usually this grant is between £100 and £300, but for the 2023-2024 winter, it’ll include an extra Pensioner Cost of Living Payment of between £150 and £300.

If the payment doesn’t arrive, check you match the couple of other criteria, then file a claim yourself.

The Home Upgrade Grant

The Home Upgrade Grant (HUG) is a government-backed programme for low-income households in England that aren’t connected to the gas grid and have an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) between D and G.

Unfortunately, it’s only available in these 45 local authorities.

Eligible households will be able to receive measures including insulation, draught proofing, heat pumps, solar panels and batteries, double glazing, and solar water heaters.

Low-energy lighting, biomass boilers, electric heaters, hot water cylinders, and heating controls are also on the list of permitted improvements.

The Smart Export Guarantee

The Smart Export Guarantee isn’t a grant, but it has the same effect of saving money – useful for the 82% of people who’ve adjusted their behaviour at home in the past year to cut their energy bills, according to our National Home Energy Survey.

Since January 2020, the government has compelled energy suppliers with more than 150,000 customers to pay households for the renewable energy they export to the National Grid.

You can qualify for this scheme if you generate power with any of the following:

  • Solar panels
  • Wind
  • Micro combined heat and power
  • Hydro
  • Anaerobic digestion

Suppliers must pay you any amount above zero for your extra energy.

The current top rate available to all UK customers is Scottish Power’s 12p per kWh, which can net the average household £159 per year.

The Disabled Facilities Grant

Your local council can give you a grant to adapt your home for a disabled occupant.

Just check who your local council is, then apply on that council’s website.

Changes can include:

  • Wider doors
  • Ramps
  • A stairlift
  • A downstairs bathroom
  • A heating system that better suits your needs
  • Heating or lighting controls

The Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme

The Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme was launched in April 2020 for homeowners – but from April 2022 onwards, it’s only available to renters and people who own flats.

If that’s you, you can get 75% off the cost of buying and installing a home charger for your electric vehicle, up to £350.

Just make sure you:

  • Own one of the models on the eligible vehicles list
  • Are the vehicle’s primary owner
  • Can prove you already have an eligible vehicle, or have purchased one that will be delivered within four months of the charger’s installation date

If you rent or own a flat and want to start using renewable electricity, you might also be interest in our Guide to Solar Panels for Flats.

Grants from your local council

Many local councils around the UK can offer additional grants for different reasons.

For example, the Bournemouth, Christchurch, and Poole Council offers a cavity wall and loft insulation grant to homeowners and renters who are vulnerable, low-income, or have health risks.

In Newcastle, you can apply to the local council’s Sustainable Warmth scheme for a grant to install improvements including loft and wall insulation, heat pumps, and solar panels.

And if you live in London and are vulnerable or over 60, you may be able to receive up to £5,500 in Warmer Homes funding, to make heating, insulation, and ventilation improvements to your property.

Some councils around the UK are also offering to install solar panels onto council houses for a discounted price – but this depends on the amount of funding the borough has. You can find out more about this on our page: Can You Put Solar Panels On Your Council House?

Home Energy Scotland Loan advert with mascot

Home improvement grants for Scotland

There’s only one government grant for home improvements available to people in Scotland – but it’s the most generous, wide-reaching scheme in the UK.

Home Energy Scotland Grant and Loan

Since launching in May 2017, the Home Energy Scotland Grant and Loan has helped thousands of homes to buy energy-efficient measures and renewable systems.

The government is giving interest-free loans of up to £38,500 to homeowners who want to make their households more energy efficient or eco-friendly.

You can apply for loans for two kinds of installation: energy-efficient improvements, which can net you a loan of up to £15,000, and up to two renewable systems or connections to a renewable district heating system, which can get you a loan of up to £17,500.

You can also receive a loan for up to £6,000 for an energy storage system, which is included in the renewable system category.

The loans can be paid back over as many as 12 years, and you may not have to pay back the full amount.

Up to 40% of the cost of your energy-efficient improvements or the entire loan for them – whichever is lower – may be provided through cashback funding. This cashback offering rises to as much as 75% when it comes to paying for your renewable system.

If you’re interested in solar panels, check out our page on Scottish Government Grants For Solar Panels.

Home improvement grants for Northern Ireland

If you live in a low-income household or have an old  boiler, you may be eligible for one or both of the two grants Northern Ireland offers.

Affordable Warmth Grant

If you’re a homeowner or private renter, have problems with your heating or insulation, and earn less than £23,000 per year, you may be able to get a grant of £7,500 – or up to £10,000 if your home requires solid wall insulation.

You can get in contact with the authorities to check if you qualify for the Affordable Warmth Grant.

Boiler Replacement Scheme

If you earn less than £40,000 per year and have a boiler that’s at least 15 years old and runs on gas, LPG, or oil, you may be eligible for the Boiler Replacement Scheme.

This grant enables you to replace your old boiler with a new, efficient gas, oil, or wood pellet boiler.

Home improvement grants for Wales

There are two government grants for home improvements in Wales, and between them, they cover a huge number of households – so take advantage if you can.

Home Improvement loans

If you’re struggling to pay for crucial replacements or repairs to your home, you may be able to access up to £35,000 in interest-free loans from the government.

Each local council in Wales creates their own eligibility criteria and asks for an administration fee of up to 15%, but it may well be worth it.

Just enter your postcode on this Welsh Government site, and see what your council offers.


This Welsh Government scheme attempts to reduce fuel poverty rates by helping low-income households to become more energy-efficient.

All you have to do is call Nest’s helpline, and if you qualify, British Gas will assess your home and recommend specific improvements.

Through Nest, you can get free eco-friendly improvements including a new energy-efficient boiler, wall and loft insulation, and draught-proofing – or even a heat pump.

If you want to get support from Nest, you have to:

  • Own or privately rent your home
  • Have an energy-inefficient home with high heating bills
  • Receive a means-tested benefit or have a chronic respiratory, circulatory, or mental health condition


The means-tested benefits that qualify are:

  • Child Tax Credit
  • Council Tax Reduction
  • Housing Benefit
  • Income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance
  • Income-related Employment and Support Allowance
  • Income Support
  • Pension Credit
  • Universal Credit
  • Working Tax Credit

Grants that no longer exist

Multiple government grants for home improvements have ceased to exist in recent years, either because the government’s appetite for them faded, or because they failed horribly.

Green Homes Grant

The Green Homes Grant was meant to be a £2 billion, 18-month programme to cut the costs of making your home energy-efficient.

It was launched with the idea of helping 600,000 homeowners to cover two-thirds of the cost of eco-friendly home improvements, up to £5,000.

But after a rollout that was heavily criticised by the National Audit Office and which Greenpeace UK called “shambolic,” the scheme was abruptly cancelled just six months in.

Only 47,500 homes were helped – a mere 7.9% of the initial target – and 86% of people said they had a poor experience with the scheme.

Parliament’s Environmental Audit Select Committee said the grant had been “poorly implemented, beset by administrative problems and delays which fundamentally jeopardise delivery of the scheme’s ambition.”

If the government had designed, promoted, and run the scheme properly, it could have protected hundreds of thousands of homes against energy bill rises – but it didn’t.

Renewable Heat Incentive

The Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) ended in March 2022.

This scheme subsidised the running costs of biomass boilers, heat pumps, and solar water heating.

If you owned one of these systems, the government would send you quarterly payments for seven years, based on the amount of electricity your machine was estimated to generate.

The last RHI tariff was 10.92p per kWh, which was an excellent rate at the time.

However, even this wasn’t enough to make heat pumps – the most popular eco-friendly heating system – cost-effective.

That’s why the government replaced the RHI with the Boiler Upgrade Scheme, which provides homeowners with grants of £5,000 or £6,000 to buy a heat pump.

The Feed-in Tariff

The Feed-in Tariff wasn’t a grant, but this government initiative fell into the same area, as it paid homes for the electricity they generated from renewable sources.

Homeowners could also sell any electricity they didn’t use to the National Grid.

The Feed-in Tariff was a massive success. From the start of the scheme in 2010 to 2017, the UK’s renewable energy capacity increased fourfold, from 9.3 gigawatts to 38.9 gigawatts.

The Feed-in Tariff ended in 2019, but anybody who signed up before the deadline will still receive payments until their contract – which was usually 20 years long – expires.

The government cancelled the Feed-in Tariff because it wanted to concentrate on more commercial, high-impact solar programmes.

Plus, solar panel costs have fallen by 25% since 2014, which means there wasn’t as much need for subsidies – especially with the subsequent introduction of the Smart Export Guarantee.


You’re now in a fantastic position to take advantage of all the government grants you can.

This will help you to cut your energy bills, reduce your carbon footprint, and ensure that you have a home where you can feel warm, safe, and secure.

And if these grants have inspired you to take a further step towards eco-friendly energy efficiency, we would recommend solar panels.

If you’d like to join the hundreds of thousands of UK homeowners generating solar energy, it’s never been easier to compare prices.

Just enter a few quick details in our easy-to-navigate tool, and our expert installers will be in touch with free quotes for you to compare.


There are many grants available for home improvements in the UK, including the Energy Company Obligation (ECO4), Great British Insulation Scheme, and Boiler Upgrade Scheme, which provide discounted or free insulation and heating systems. 

Certain households can also access home improvements through the Home Upgrade Grant, Disabled Facilities Grant, Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme, and local council grants.

If you want home improvements like solar panels in Scotland, you can use the Home Energy Scotland Grant and Loan.

Homes in Northern Ireland should look into the Affordable Warmth Grant and Boiler Replacement Scheme, while people in Wales can apply for Home Improvement loans and the Nest scheme.

All households in council tax bands A-D in England, A-E in Scotland, and A-C in Wales qualify for the government’s Great British Insulation Scheme – but only if they have an EPC of D or below.

Households containing people on any of the following means-tested benefits can also qualify:

  • Income-based Jobseekers Allowance (JSA)
  • Income-related Employment & Support Allowance (ESA)
  • Income Support (IS)
  • Pension Credit Guarantee
  • Credit Working Tax Credit (WTC)
  • Child Tax Credits (CTC)
  • Universal Credit (UC)
  • Housing Benefit
  • Pension Credit Savings Credit

You can’t get a blanket renovation grant in the UK, but you can use grants to carry out specific improvements.

Certain households can get grants to become more energy-efficient or eco-friendly through the Energy Company Obligation, Great British Insulation Scheme, Boiler Upgrade Scheme, Home Upgrade Grant, and Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme.

Depending on where you live in the UK, you may also be able to use the Home Energy Scotland Grant and Loan, Affordable Warmth Grant, Boiler Replacement Scheme, Home Improvement loans, or Nest, as well as grants from your local council.

And if your household includes someone with a disability or other extra needs, you can get free accessibility measures through the Disabled Facilities Grant.

Written by:
josh jackman
Josh has written about eco-friendly home improvements and climate change for the past four years. His work has been displayed on the front page of the Financial Times, he's been interviewed by BBC One's Rip-Off Britain, and he regularly features in The Telegraph and on BBC Radio.
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