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The Complete Guide to Solar Ovens

Solar ovens use sunlight to cook food without the need for fuel or electricity

The three main types are box, panel, and parabolic solar ovens

Solar ovens cost between £100 and £300, on average

Solar ovens have been around for decades, and have become popular among outdoor enthusiasts as a way to cook food on campsites, or even in the garden.

They’re also commonly used in rural communities in China and India, which don’t always have access to reliable sources of fuel or electricity for cooking.

We’ll go over exactly what solar ovens are, how they work, and what you can cook in them in this article. We’ll also assess their pros and cons, and talk about how much they cost.

parabolic solar oven outside cooking rice, with rocky valley in background

What is a solar oven?

A solar oven, also known as a solar cooker, is a device that concentrates sunlight to generate heat, which it uses to cook food or heat liquids without the use of fuel or electricity.

Often used for camping, most solar ovens are relatively easy to transport and set up. You can also make DIY versions using cardboard boxes, aluminium, and plexiglass.

How does a solar oven work?

Solar ovens work by focusing the sun’s thermal energy. They concentrate sunlight, using mirrored or reflective surfaces, into one single spot where a cooking pot is.

When the ultraviolet rays of the sun hit the dark surface of a cooking pot or other receptacle containing food, they’re converted into infrared radiation – meaning heat.

Glass or other clear materials are used as a lid – either for the pot or the reflective box of the solar oven – to trap the heat. The more heat is generated, the hotter the inside of the solar oven or cooking pot becomes.

This process is also the reason the inside of a car gets hot when it’s left parked outside on a sunny day.

Do solar ovens work in the UK?

Solar ovens do work in the UK, but they’re dependent on weather conditions.

For a solar oven to work well, it needs to be sunny out, although they can sometimes work under light clouds.

As we know, sun can be in short supply in the UK, so if you’re planning on using a solar oven on your next camping trip, it’s best to check the forecast.

Solar ovens also work at temperatures as low as 0°C, so you don’t need to wait for a heatwave to use one in the UK.

However, solar ovens do work better when it’s hot out, since they don’t need to build up as much heat, and they don’t lose warmth as quickly as they do in colder weather.

What type of food can you cook in a solar oven?

You can cook almost any type of food in a solar oven.

That being said, it might be difficult to grill food such as bacon and eggs in a solar oven, or to cook pasta. That’s because boiling water or grilling food requires a higher temperature than most solar ovens can create. Some types of solar ovens can do this, but they’re expensive and not as common.

This doesn’t mean you can’t cook eggs or bacon using a typical solar oven; they just won’t be crispy.

In general, solar ovens work best with meals that are slightly wet and can be cooked in one pot. This includes stews, baked beans, shakshuka, and rice dishes. They can even be used to bake desserts, such as cakes or biscuits.

Types of solar oven

The three main types of solar ovens are box solar ovens, panel solar ovens, and parabolic solar ovens.

Box solar ovens are, as the name suggests, in the shape of a box. They typically have an interior that’s lined with a reflective material, and a clear lid that can be opened and closed.

They’re well insulated, and can get as hot as 150°C. Plus, if they’re large enough, multiple cooking pots can be placed inside them to cook food.

large professional box solar oven in garden patio

Box solar oven

Panel solar ovens are made of reflective panels. One panel serves as a base, and the others form a closed square or hexagon. The cooking pot is placed in the middle of the panels, on the base.

This type of solar oven is lightweight, so it’s ideal for use on the go. But panel solar ovens aren’t as well-insulated as box solar ovens, so they don’t get quite as hot. They’re best for foods with short cooking times.

woman placing black cooking pot in small panel solar oven placed on stool in garden

Panel solar oven

Parabolic solar ovens are typically round, and have a slightly concave shape. As with other solar ovens, their inner part is lined with a reflective material. Parabolic solar ovens have a pole that sticks up through their centre, which has a platform on the end, where the cooking pot can be placed.

Their shape allows for a lot of solar energy to be concentrated onto a single spot: the platform where the cooking pot is placed. This means they’re able to heat pots to very high temperatures – up to 200°C in some cases – and can be used for grilling foods or heating water.

The caveat is they’re relatively wide, and so can be difficult to transport. They also need to be re-directed as the position of the sun changes.

parabolic solar oven with kettle boiling on raised platform, dirt road in background

Parabolic solar oven

The pros and cons of solar ovens


  • Emissions-free cooking
  • Good backup for camping emergencies
  • No running costs
  • Can be a DIY project


  • Dependent on weather conditions
  • Some models are quite bulky
  • Some models can be expensive
  • Not always as hot as other types of on-the-go cooking technology

Advantages of solar ovens

One key advantage of solar ovens is that they offer emissions-free cooking. They aren’t powered by fossil fuels, unlike gas stoves, and they don’t require electricity, not all of which is generated sustainably.

Because solar ovens are powered by the sun, they’re also a good backup if you run out of power from your generator when camping – or if you just want to preserve power for things such as charging phones.

Plus, since solar ovens require zero fuel or electricity, they’re completely free to run – fuel and electricity (unless it comes from a portable solar panel) cost money.

You don’t need to spend money on a solar oven either; you can actually make DIY versions with materials you have at home. One way to do this is with an old cardboard box, lined with aluminium, and a glass or plastic sheet.

Disadvantages of solar ovens

The main disadvantage of solar ovens is that they’re dependent on the weather. Solar ovens don’t work in rainy, or heavily overcast conditions, or at night. This means they won’t work if the conditions aren’t optimal.

Some solar ovens, especially parabolic solar ovens, can also be bulky. This means they aren’t ideal to take with you on a hike, and they take up room in the car if you’re driving somewhere to camp.

Price can also be an issue. Some fancier parabolic solar cookers can cost over £1,000 –  far more than what you’d pay for a hot plate.

Lastly, the cheapest and most accessible types of solar ovens – box and panel ovens – don’t get quite as hot as regular ovens, or some hot plates. This means there’s a limit to the kind of dishes you can make using them, and cooking times might be long.

How much does a solar oven cost?

On average, you can get a decent solar oven for between £100 and £300.

Solar ovens can cost as little as £50 for foldaway box type ovens, and as much as £1,500 for large parabolic ovens.

Box and panel solar ovens are the cheapest type, while parabolic solar ovens are more expensive, usually costing at least £400.

Do solar ovens require much maintenance?

Solar ovens do not require much maintenance. The main thing you need to do is keep them clean.

This is especially important when it comes to the reflective or glass surfaces of the solar oven. Dust or grime build-up can hinder the solar oven’s ability to reflect and concentrate sunlight, so be sure to keep those surfaces clean.

Solar ovens can be cleaned with a damp soft cloth, and a little detergent if needed. Just make sure to remove any soap residue after cleaning, and buff the surfaces with a dry cloth to keep them shiny.


Solar ovens are an eco-friendly way to cook food outside. They also have no running costs, since they rely on the sun’s energy.

If you’re interested in limiting your environmental impact, then investing in a solar oven for your next camping trip, or just to use in your garden in the summer, is a good choice.

Solar ovens are also a great option for off-grid living, since they’ll reduce your reliance on gas or electricity powered hobs and stoves.

For more ways to reduce your environmental impact, check out our tips for eco-friendly living.

Solar ovens: FAQs

Yes, DIY solar ovens work, and can reach around 150°C. But they need to be made correctly in order to do this.

The easiest way to make one is with a box that has a lid, aluminium foil, and plastic wrap. We also recommend you use a thermometer to make sure the oven is getting hot enough to cook food.

The best place to put a solar oven is under direct sunlight – in short, outside.

You could potentially cook food with a solar oven from your window or balcony. But if you do this, it’s best to choose one that’s south-facing, as this will expose your oven to the most sunlight.

Cooking food when the sun is highest in the sky – between 11 am and 3 pm in the UK – will also increase your chances of successfully cooking.

It takes between one and four hours to cook food in a solar oven.

Cooking times will vary depending on the type of solar oven you use, the type of food being cooked, how high the sun is in the sky, and how warm it is outside.

Written by:
Tatiana has written about multiple environmental topics, including heat pumps, energy-efficient household products, and solar panels. She is dedicated to demystifying green tech to make eco-friendly living more accessible.
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